Tổng hợp các âm trong Tiếng Anh (English Sounds)

Bảng phiên âm quốc tế Tiếng Anh (International Phonetic Alphabet)

⏩ NGUYÊN ÂM
Có tất cả 20 nguyên âm (vowels) trong Tiếng Anh.

ɪ

sit, give, dinner

Iis the city where Bill lives.

ʊ

book, put, should

A good book is hard to put down.

ʌ

sun, come, jump

My son loves watching the sun come up.

ɒ

hot, rob, wash

The shop was not robbed in October.

ə

the, of, carrot

The woman lives alone in London.

e

men, friend, help

Don’t forget to help your friend.

æ

cat, map, apple

The man ran away with the black cat.

eat, seen, meat

My niece is cleaning her teeth.

zoo, pool, move

Should I choose the blue shoes?

ɑː

car, hard, sharp

There's a car park near the mart.

ɔː

door, store, shore

Four horses are on board.

ɜː

bird, shirt, learn

I heard the birds chirping.

ɪə

hear, fear, beer

Don't go near the deer.

ʊə

poor, tour, lure

I’m sure that he lured that poor kid.

nice, smile, dry

Kylie is kind to my wife.

ɔɪ

boy, noise, coin

She spoils her boy.

əʊ

know, bold, code

Hold the phone for moment, please.

bow, doubt, shout

The shouting sounds are loud in the house.

care, dare, fair

Claire didn’t care about the fair.

day, face, raise

It’s been raining for days, so they couldn’t play.


 PHỤ ÂM
Có tất cả 24 phụ âm bao gồm:
  • Phụ âm hữu thanh (voiced consonants), được tạo ra bằng việc rung dây thanh âm.
  • Phụ âm vô thanh (voiceless consonants), được tạo ra bằng việc phát ra không khí.
Các cặp phụ âm sau đây có khẩu hình miệng giống nhau nhưng phát âm khác nhau:

Phụ âm hữu thanh
Phụ âm vô thanh

/b/

bee
bob

/p/

pea
pop

/d/

dime
mad

/t/

time
mat

/g/

glad
bag

/k/

clad
back

/v/

van
leave

/f/

fan
leaf

/ð/

this
clothe

/θ/

thin
cloth

/z/

zoo
raise

/s/

sue
race

/ʒ/

measure
garage

/ʃ/

pressure
mash

/dʒ/

Jeep
bridge

/tʃ/

cheap
branch

Các phụ âm khác:

Phụ âm hữu thanh
Phụ âm vô thanh

/m/

mind
dream

/h/

head
seahorse

/n/

need
nine
 

/ŋ/

sing
singer
 

/w/

water
await

 

 

/j/

you
vineyard
 

/l/

love
yellow
 

/r/

river
caring